sugarcane quarantine service imports a certain number of sugarcane varieties each year from different producing countries. These are varieties already known to be promising, new varieties for assessment, or varieties belonging to ancestral species. The planting material is monitored and treated (fungicide and insecticide treatments, heat treatment) over two growth cycles. After two years of quarantine in Montpellier, around a hundred varieties are transferred in the form of healthy cuttings to different CIRAD partners throughout the world: sugar growing areas in Africa, sugarcane breeding centres in the West Indies and Réunion, other research organizations.
Each year, usually starting in October, Visacane
sends out lists of the varieties available for each type of varieties. The listed varieties will be available between January and April of the following year.
Varieties are supplied in the form of one-eye cuttings, at a rate of 7 cuttings per variety. The tips of the cuttings are coated in paraffin and each variety is wrapped separately. The packaged cuttings are shipped by air. An import permit issued by the health authorities in the destination country is essential for transferring varieties.
UMR Biologie et génétique des interactions plantes-parasites
Campus international de Baillarguet, TA A-54/K
34398 Montpellier cedex 5